3D printed book shed placed in Shanghai park
A 3D printed concrete book shed has been placed in Baoshan Wisdom Bay Science and Technology Park in Shanghai. Designed by Professor Xu Weiguo of the School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, the curved structure is part of the “Art Bridge Space” bookstore and can be used for exhibitions, academic discussions and literary exchange sessions. . The 3D printer used in the project and the materials were developed by the team.
Of particular interest is the combination of technology and literary culture. In fact, many books and articles related to additive manufacturing have been published. From books on 3D printing to guides on how to implement this production method, as well as interesting articles on the 3D revolution taking place around the world through the adoption of technology by various companies. Another example of the overlap between literature and 3D printing, but this time in a more practical way, is the book “Silence”, which was 3D printed using soft materials and allows blind people to read it thanks to the braille embossed on the pages. . This time, however, we take a closer look at an original concrete structure that serves as a small hut for reading books and sharing knowledge about literature.
3D printing of the book kiosk
Development of the project started with a sketch of the idea, which was then transferred to Autodesk’s Maya software. There, the space and the structure were shaped, always according to the needs of the construction, in order to determine the execution of the system. Coding before printing completes the digital file so that the technology is able to follow the curved shape of the initial idea. To create the cabin, Professor Xu Weiguo’s team used a 3D printer with a robotic arm that extrudes concrete layer by layer. Concretely, the material used is concrete which does not require reinforcement with steel bars or formwork. This is undoubtedly one of the great advantages of additive manufacturing in the construction sector, over traditional techniques which require more time, costs and materials.
In architectural terms, the structure has a cavity wall design, which is filled with thermal insulation mortar. The building surface has two types of textures, the first and most prominent in the form of a laminated print, and the other is a texture with a textile pattern protruding on the side wall in front of the entrance. The book kiosk has a total area of 30 square meters, so it can accommodate 15 people for various literary activities. In the upper part there is a kind of dome which allows the entry of natural light for the readers. This project shows, once again, the potential of 3D technology as a form of intelligent construction, thanks to the savings of time, materials and labor, in addition to allowing much more complex and irregular shapes than with other conventional methods.
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