Seven 3D printed houses that were built around the world
A Dutch couple recently became the first person in Europe to move into a 3D printed house, so we’ve put together seven examples of 3D printed houses of the whole world.
3D printing has long been hailed as a potential solution for fast and efficient housing construction, and this promise is emerging as a reality.
Here are seven examples of 3D printed houses already built, including a micro-house made of bio-plastic and a house printed from a mixture of earth, straw and rice husks.
Micro-house in bioplastic, Netherlands, by DUS Architects
Dutch architecture studio DUS Architects used sustainable bio-plastic to print and build this eight square meter micro booth in Amsterdam.
The structure used deposition modeling, a form of additive manufacturing typically used in home 3D printers, to create its geometric walls.
Inside, the cabin has just enough space for a small sleeping area, with a bed that can be stowed away when not in use. A 3D printed bath built using the same printing technique is located outside.
Find out more about the bio-plastic micro-house ›
Tecla, Italy, Mario Cucinella Architects and WASP
Working with 3D printing specialists WASP, Mario Cucinella Architects turned to vernacular architecture and ancient building techniques to create and develop this low carbon housing prototype.
The house has two connected domes and has an area of 60 square meters. The structure has been fitted with glass doors and a large skylight at the top of each dome that allows light to enter the space.
The studio combined modern technology and locally sourced clay to produce the homes, using a multi-level 3D printer that can complete the structure in 200 hours while consuming just six kilowatts of power.
Learn more about Tecla ›
Project Milestone, The Netherlands, Eindhoven University of Technology
Built as part of a program that aims to become the world’s first 3D printed houses used as rental properties, this rock-shaped house became the first inhabited 3D printed house in Europe.
The house was designed by the Dutch architecture studio Houben & Van Mierlo and was developed as part of a research project with the Eindhoven University of Technology in order to broaden the knowledge surrounding the production of printed houses In 3D.
It has fully habitable interiors and is equipped with an open plan kitchen-diner, bedroom and bathroom.
Find out more about the first 3D printed inhabited house ›
Two-story house, Belgium, Kamp C
Located in Westerlo, Belgium, this house would be the first house to be 3D printed in one piece. The two-story house is eight meters high, has an area of 90 square meters, and was built to showcase the potential of 3D printing.
It was designed as a low consumption house and contains both ceiling and floor heating, solar panels and a heat pump. Inside, it is equipped with a staircase, bay windows and a ceiling support.
Find out more about the 3D printed house of Kamp C ›
Gaia, Italy, WASP
This 30 square meter house was printed using a mixture of local soil, chopped straw and rice husks from the production of rice waste.
The structural walls are imprinted from the ground, while the cavities are filled with rice scraps, which provide insulation. Rice husks were also used inside the structure, covering the walls and ceiling of the house to form a natural plaster.
The company claimed that if left unattended, the home can easily biodegrade and decompose in the ground. WASP believes that agricultural waste could become a major resource for construction and 3D printing.
Find out more about Gaia ›
East 17th Street Residences, USA, ICON
ICON worked with real estate developer 3Strands to produce four 3D printed homes designed to withstand extreme weather conditions.
Printing the structures took seven days and included a variety of two, three and four bedroom properties. When complete, the homes will be decorated by Austin interior designer Claire Zinnecker and are expected to include pitched roofs, covered porches, central heating and air conditioning systems.
So far, the cement-based homes have withstood a 7.4 magnitude earthquake and severe winter storms that occurred in early 2021.
Find out more about the East 17th Street residences ›
Casa Covida, United States, by Emerging Objects
Emerging Objects used 3D printed adobe to create Casa Covida, an experimental hut in the San Luis Valley formed of three interconnected cylindrical volumes.
The cabin was designed for two people to live together in isolation during the coronavirus pandemic and has adobe walls made of sand, silt, clay and water, printed using a three-way SCARA axes (articulated robot arm with selective compliance).
The house also has an open fireplace and an inflatable pink roof that can be erected in the event of rain or snow. It was created as a case study of how a combination of modern and ancient technology could be used to create a house large enough for two people.
Find out more about Casa Covida ›